2019 Auto Review programme
To be published through 2019 (eg: Q1 = First Quarter of 2019)
A look at some of the publications planned for 2019
The name of Ferdinand Porsche appears a number of times in these pages. He was born in Bohemia (part of Austria at the time) and worked for a number of Austrian concerns; Lohner, Austro Daimler and Steyr, before becoming involved in the Axis war effort, designing tanks. Late in the Second World War his German design office had to move to Gmund in Austria, where the immortal Porsche 356 was conceived. For more on the Porsche story, see Auto Review 153.
Three giants of Italian motoring were born within a triangle formed by Bologna, Modena and Cento. Enzo Ferrari, Adolfo Orsi (of Maserati) and Ferruccio Lamborghini were all born within 20 miles of each other, though Lamborghini was two decades younger than the others. They were all from similar poor backgrounds, but had very different temperaments. Ferrari was haughty, and subject to sudden changes of mood. Orsi was courteous and gentlemanly, but was primarily a business executive. Lamborghini was very much the brash, driven and ambitious self-made millionaire, fond of extravagant gestures. His hobbies included speed water-skiing and performing conjuring tricks for visitors. Restless and energetic, he was always full of plans: build a racetrack, start a racing team, make small sports cars bearing the Lamborghini name… Why not? Ferruccio was born under the star sign of Taurus the bull, so his car names related to fighting bulls. The first Lamborghini car to be given a name was called Miura after Eduardo Miura, a renowned breeder of Spanish fighting bulls he had visited in Seville. Other bullfighting-related names included Islero (a Miura bull which in 1947 killed the bullfighter Manolete), Espada is a sword, Jarama is a Spanish bullfighting region, Urraco, Jalpa and Gallardo are breeds of bull. Marzal was another breeder of fighting bulls. Diablo (devil) and Murciélago were famous 19th century Spanish bulls, and Reventón was a famous 1940s Mexican bull. Faena is the third act of a bullfight, and Urus means aurochs (a Bronze Age bull). Cavaliere (an honorific title in Italy) Ferruccio Lamborghini sold his company in 1974, and after several changes of ownership, it became part of Volkswagen Group’s Audi division.
In this publication we look at the history of the Unimog, a unique all-terrain vehicle conceived in the closing months of the Second World War. Its designers, Albert Friedrich and Heinrich Rössler had the prototypes built by Eberhard & Söhne, who could not bring the vehicles to production, so Boehringer of Göppingen built the first few hundred examples. Boehringer could not expand production to keep up with demand, so Daimler-Benz took over the operation and moved it to their truck plant in Gaggenau. There it stayed for half a century before moving again, to Daimler’s Wörth complex. The story told here covers all the dozens of different vehicles in the Unimog family, including military, paramilitary, emergency, expedition and road-rail vehicles, as well as the more usual agricultural and industrial applications
In its heyday a Packard was an esteemed luxury car built by hand to the highest standards, and it became one of the top three American car marques, in its early years as one of the three posh Ps (Peerless, Pierce-Arrow, Packard) and between the wars it ranked alongside Cadillac and Lincoln. In 1927 three times as many Packards were sold as Cadillacs; a Packard signified power and glamour. Buyers included US Presidents and the cream of American high society; Rockefeller, Morgan, Vanderbilt and the rest. Unfortunately a Packard was also the getaway car of choice for gangsters and murderers, which made the cars less attractive to high society. But then the marque was discovered by Hollywood, and a Packard was often seen with a movie star at the wheel. By the mid-1930s, the era of the big flash car was over, and Packard had to introduce medium-price cars. The company was struggling, but it was saved by wartime contracts for aero engines and marine engines. The Clipper, introduced just before the war, was revived in peacetime, but Packard went into a downward spiral postwar, then it amalgamated with Studebaker in 1954. This story is driven by a number of charismatic personalities; James Ward Packard of course, plus Henry Joy, Alvan Macauley, Jesse Vincent and others. Sadly, in its last years nothing could save Packard, and 1958 was the last time the famous badge was seen, just 60 years after the first Packard car was made.
A look at the last two releases which complete the 2018 Programme
Hotchkiss produced fine cars, some sporting, others more luxurious, whilst still producing guns and tanks. In 1936 the armaments side of the business was nationalised, so Ainsworth expanded car production with a new advanced design by J A Grégoire. Hotchkiss took over another car firm, Amilcar, so the new car, built in the Hotchkiss factory, was badged as the Amilcar Compound. The postwar years were difficult for Hotchkiss, forced to make only large cars which were subject to punitive taxation in France. A merger with Delahaye, licence-building of Jeeps and Ferguson tractors, and expansion into the commercial vehicle market did not really solve the long-term problems at Hotchkiss. In 1954, therefore, Hotchkiss-Delahaye was taken over by Brandt, and car production ceased. Trucks, tractors and armoured vehicles remained in production until 1 January 1971, when Automobiles Hotchkiss closed down.
This second instalment has to cover a great deal of territory in itself. As well as lorries, buses, vans and pickups, we cover armoured fighting vehicles, off-road vehicles (including G-Class cars) and emergency vehicles. In general we have taken our usual course of setting out most of the story in chronological order, describing each model at its year of introduction, as far as possible. We apologise in advance if your favourite Mercedes-Benz bus, truck or van only gets a passing mention, or none at all; there is a lot of ground to cover here. Mercedes-Benz commercial vehcles are produced in many countries and there can hardly be any part of the modern world where they are not in use. This is a tribute to the founders of the two original companies in the 19th century, Karl Benz and Gottlieb Daimler.
2018 Auto Review programme
AR137 Delage Album Published
AR138 AEC Album part 2 after 1945 Published
AR139 American Motors Published
AR140 Foden Album Published
AR050a The Rootes Group series Humber Second edition Published
AR141 Ferrari Album Published
AR142 Jeep Album Published
AR143 Mercedes-Benz cars Q4 Published
AR144 Studebaker Album Q4 Published
AR145 Delahaye-Delage-Hotchkiss Published
AR146 Mercedes-Benz commercial vehicles Published
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